Argan oil comes from the nuts of the Argan Tree. The latter are cracked by hand and the seed extracted and ground into paste oil. It is traditionally made by local Berber women who work in cooperatives and it can take about 30 Kg of Argan Nuts and 10 to 12 hours of work to produce just one litre of oil. Argan Tree (Argania Spinosa) can only be found in the South West part of Morocco. That makes it one of the rarest in the world. The tree is very resistant and can live up to 150 to 200 years. Its roots grow deep in search of water and this helps retain the soil against heavy rain, preventing erosion and limiting the advance of the desert. Argan trees play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance as well as the economic situation of the population and in 1999, UNESCO added the Argan Tree to the World Heritage List. The production of Argan oil is controlled by women’s cooperatives in Morocco. Through fair-trade, Argan oil provides the Berber women with a dependable source of income, a means of improving their financial independence and hence opens better access to health care and education.